Trading Essentials
What is liquidity in the Forex market?
8 min read

liquidity in forex market

FXCE will introduce an all-too-familiar concept and its characteristics in the Forex market. This helps you master even the most basic concepts. This article will explain and clarify calculated liquidity in the forex market.

>> See more knowledge about the market through the following articles:

8 Basic Forex terms you should know before trading

What is ECN? How Does It Work?

Important Forex news you need to know


Liquidity Overview

The concept of liquidity from a financial perspective

From an economic point of view, liquidity is often used to refer to the degree of flexibility of an asset class. That means they can buy and sell in the market without changing the value of that asset. Calculate liquidity, which represents the ability of an asset to convert its value into cash.

Another explanation is that calculated liquidity indicates the degree of change in the value of an asset when it is bought or sold in the market. An investment that counts as liquid high means it can be sold without decreasing value.

Liquidity in the Forex market

For the Forex market, calculate liquidity in a particular sense. Accordingly, calculated liquidity is defined as the ability of currency pairs to be bought or sold without a significant change in the exchange rate.

Liquidity providers are financial institutions or individuals that facilitate trading by offering bid and ask prices for currency pairs. These providers ensure there is a constant flow of liquidity in the market, enabling traders to execute trades smoothly. 

Compared to many other financial markets, the forex market is the largest globally. Their day's transaction volume can reach more than 6.6 trillion USD per day (2020).

Characteristics of liquidity in the Forex market

liquidity in forex market

Liquidity of Forex

When assessing the liquidity of a forex exchange, there are two critical factors to consider: the trading volume and the price spread between currency pairs. If a business has a large trading volume and a low difference between the ask and bid prices, it is considered to have high liquidity.

Calculate liquidity this depends on the supplier's liquidity on the floor. You can read more articles about Forex exchanges to learn more about this concept. Regardless of the difference, the typical role of supplier liquidity is to ensure price stability. Supplier liquidity The world's leading supplier is often referred to as a Tier 1 Supplier.

Liquidity of currency pairs

Different currency pairs also carry different values, ​​and they do not always carry high liquidity. Some currency pairs count as liquid. Because of their popularity, they are traded a lot, so the price difference will be the lowest.

Some currency pairs that can be counted are EUR/USD, USD/CAD, GBP/USD, and USD/JPY. If you buy and sell these currency pairs in large volumes, there will not be a significant difference in the exchange rate.

And counting liquidity on the Forex market will depend on the trading sessions of the day. There will be days when the market "takes a break", and that will be the time to calculate the price liquidity lower than usual. Low liquidity in forex refers to a currency pair that cannot be bought or sold in significant amounts without large variances in its exchange rate and price level.

Role of liquidity in the Forex market

liquidity in forex market

Liquidity is an essential factor for forex traders. A market that counts liquidity high will be the preferred choice when traders can buy and sell currency pairs. A liquid market is generally associated with less risk, as there is usually always someone willing to take the other side of a given position. This can attract more traders to the market, which adds to the favorable market conditions.

Trades will be executed at will, and opportunities will be taken advantage of. So if liquidity is low due to poor market conditions, traders may face many difficulties and risks when they cannot sell or find sellers. Most traders need stable market liquidity because it is difficult to manage risks if market liquidity goes wrong.

Realize liquidity in the Forex market

From a trader’s point of view, an illiquid market will have chaotic moves or gaps because the level of buying or selling volume at any one moment can vary greatly. A highly liquid market is also known as a deep market or a smooth market and price action is also smooth. 

Most traders need and should require a liquid market because it is very hard to manage risk if you’re on the wrong side of a big move in an illiquid market. We can recognize the liquidity of the market through the following factors:

liquidity in forex market

Gaps when trading forex

Gaps are usually created when the market closes the previous day and reopens the next day at a different price (with expectations). Usually, gaps can happen if there is an interest rate announcement or impact news.

Due to its continuous nature, the forex market is usually traded over 24 hours. So higher market liquidity will tend to have fewer gaps. This is one of the telltale signs of liquidity in this market.

Liquidity index

Brokers will provide the trading volume of the client on the trading chart. Volume in the forex market is an indicator of liquidity, which can be explained by analyzing the bars on the volume chart over time. From there, traders can self-assess the liquidity of the market.

However, the volume here is essentially the number of price jumps over time. Traders should also note, that brokers only provide liquidity of their own, not that of the entire Forex market. Traders can use that index as a measure of the market flexibly, depending on their size and strategy.

Market liquidity in times of

Also, scalpers or short-term traders can notice and recognize that liquidity fluctuates by day and by trading session. Sometimes the Asian session has liquidity and low volatility. Dynamic sessions like those in London and the US tend to be more breakout-oriented.

Due to the 24-hour operation, the calculated liquidity of the forex market also changes according to the time of day. Traders need to choose the timeframes in which the trading session counts liquidity high to increase their chances.

Liquidity opportunities and risks

liquidity in forex market

The relationship between risk and reward in financial markets is almost always proportionate, so understanding the risks involved in a trade must be taken into consideration.


A market that counts liquidity high will bring more trading and investment opportunities, including easy and fast buying and selling of currency pairs. Traders can take advantage of trading opportunities and implement their strategies in a variety of ways.

In a liquid market, there is intense competition among liquidity providers, resulting in tighter bid-ask spreads. Tight spreads mean lower trading costs for traders, as they can buy at slightly lower prices and sell at slightly higher prices.

In a liquid market, it is difficult for any single participant or group of participants to manipulate prices. The presence of multiple liquidity providers and a large number of market participants ensures fair and transparent price discovery. Some benefits of high liquidity markets we can see are tighter spreads and lower cost, faster execution, reduced slippage, increased trading chance, and lower risk of market manipulation.

Along with that, a high market liquidity level can help reduce the risk of having the ability to exit a trading position quickly. In addition, the trading performance of the market's liquidity is usually higher. Low spreads and the ability to buy and sell quickly reduce transaction costs and increase the possibility of profit.


Opportunities and risks always go hand in hand. Once we have grasped the opportunities, we should also anticipate the risks to avoid the worst-case scenario. Poor market performance makes buying or selling currency pairs harder due to low liquidity.

At this time, the sold currency pair may not be profitable or find a buyer. The price of the currency pair can also fluctuate significantly in a short time, so we must always be careful in our decisions. Finally, there is the risk of not being able to exit a trading position quickly.

However, you can run into some problems like wider spreads and higher costs, difficulty executing traders, increased risk and price manipulation, and limited trading opportunities. Trading in the liquid market will be challenging.

Traders and brokers should consider the various costs associated with trading. When you understand liquidity, you will make informed decisions and navigate the forex market more effectively.


A high-liquidity market will provide traders with tighter spreads, faster execution, increased trading opportunities, and lower risk. The currency pair also does not change much regarding exchange value. The market selection has high liquidity. That will bring traders more significant benefits.

Through the article, hopefully, you can better understand this concept in the Forex market. Stay tuned for the next articles from FXCE for more knowledge and interesting updates on this market.

>> Follow FXCE's official channel for traders:

| Facebook | YouTube | Website | Blog |


kiến thức forex